Modeling of spatial distributions of endoparasitosis in people from Rožňava district

Modeling of spatial distributions of endoparasitosis in people from Rožňava district

Rok:
2022

Celkové hodnotenie

Vedecká práca
86%
Prevedenie (dizajn)
86%
Diskusná interakcia
86%
PoužívateľVedecká prácaDizajnDiskusná interakcia
Ing. Veronika Šamajová100%100%100%
Mgr. Lukáš Ihnacik 100%100%100%
Mgr. Daniela Szabóová100%100%100%
Ing. Zuzana Brnoliaková PhD.100%100%100%
Mgr. Márk Híveš100%100%100%
ISBN: 978-80-972360-8-3

Modeling of spatial distributions of endoparasitosis in people from Rožňava district

Lukáš Ihnacik1,2 , Ingrid Papajová , Júlia Šmigová , Jindřich Šoltys , Peter Blišťan3 ,
1 Institute of Parasitology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Hlinkova 3, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
2 University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice, 041 81 Košice, Slovakia
3 Technical University in Košice, Letná 1/9, 042 00 Košice, Slovakia
ihnacik@saske.sk

The occurrence of endoparasitoses in people living in Rožňava district were monitored. The overall prevalence of infection was 8.55 % and the most prevalent species were Ascaris lumbricoides (6.69 %) followed by Giardia duodenalis (1.69 %) and Trichuris trichiura (0.72 %). Despite the fact we did not perform perianal swabs and adhesive cellophane-tape tests the eggs of Enterobius vermicularis were also found in 11 stool samples (0.66 %). There were neither significant statistical difference in the incidence of endoparasitoses between the urban and rural population or in the gender groups. People from marginalized communities were infected more often than people from the major population (P < 0.0001). A twofold chance of infection was observed in children compared to adults (P <0.05). The results obtained from parasitological examinations were tested using multicriteria analysis. Results from parasitological examination were processed in MS Excel. Then the data were implemented into ArcGIS where the multicriterial analysis take place. It was confirmed that the higher incidence of parasitic infections were in localities where the WASH conditions (sewerage system, sumps and drinking water) were insufficient.

Poďakovanie: 

This research was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract no. APVV-18-0351.

Diskusia

Dobrý deň, Zaujímavý výskum. Chcela by som sa spýtať aké opatrenia ,okrem uvedených "WASH" ,by podľa Vás mohli dopomôcť k zníženiu parazitárnych infekcií u obyvateľov? Zaujíma ma či sa v takomto prípade rieši napríklad užitie medikamentov proti endoparazitom pod dohľadom lekára? Ďakujem

Dobrý deň, Ďakujem. Okrem zlepšenia uvedených "WASH" podmienok by k zníženiu parazitárnych infekcií mohla podľa mňa pomôcť aj prezentácia problému danej skupine obyvateľstva, s uvedením hlavných zdrojov nákazy, a snahou znižovaním zárodkov endoparazitov v prostredí. K druhej otázke, pri spolupráci s lekármi sa samozrejme osoby pozitívne na prítomnosť endoparazitov riešia liečbou. Avšak, ako nám aj potvrdili viacerí lekári všetky tieto opatrenia sú iba krátkodobé, keďže po vyliečení sa obyvatelia vracajú do prostredia. To už je značne kontaminované zárodkami endoparazitov, ktoré sa nedajú úplne odstrániť v týchto oblastiach z prostredia.  

Unfortunately, I think the problem is also laid within their life style concept which includes co-habitation with animals such as in good agreement with your findings (WASH conditions relevance). Are there any data available from previous years: how was the situation before, the other time (e.g. 5 or 10 years ago) and now.  And you, do you plan to repeat this investigations? The only solution is the education process, Good luck in your endeavours, ZB 

Thank you. Yes, indeed it is true, the "lifestyle" of this ethnicity is also really important "risk" factor for the disease transmission, also usually people live near the forest coexisting with their veterinary uncontrolled animals which came in contact with wild animals, and they are known reservoirs host of STH and other parasites. Unfortunately, available data are just from one-time research, also many papers have localities of research stated as anonymous (in Slovakia). And yes, in the future we are planning to return to the studied localities to see if situation if better/ or worse. 

Thank you for your reply, good luck in your further research. Cordially, ZB